Motivational interviewing is a collaborative process between the therapist and client that circles around the idea of confronting how ambivalence can prevent meaningful change. It is a goal-directed approach where the therapist tries to direct the client in how to make constructive changes in their behavior. This is different from non-directive therapy, where the client reaches a conclusion based on self-exploration. Many people who are dealing with a substance use disorder honestly want to alter their behavior but come up with a variety of excuses about the severity of the problem and whether entering an addiction treatment facility is going to make a difference.

At Paramount Recovery Centers, our addiction therapy programs, including our motivational interviewing program, give people the tools that they need to abstain from alcohol or drug addiction. Learn more about our motivational interviewing program in Massachusetts by completing our online form today.

Motivational Interviewing Program

Motivational interviewing uses communication rather than intervention to guide the client to make the right choices that can have a beneficial impact on their life and well-being. It is all about the individual and how this type of therapy can work for them rather than using a one-size-fits-all approach. This shifts the therapist and client relationship to one of collaboration.

4 Elements of Motivational Interviewing Techniquestherapist motivating a client with motivational interviewing

The four basic elements of motivational interviewing techniques are:

1. Partnership

This partnership is a collaboration between therapist and client. The therapist is the authority on effecting change. The client is the authority on themself and their life.

2. Acceptance

The therapist takes a nonjudgmental stance and uses empathy, points out the various strengths of the client, and respects the client’s ability to make informed choices about their struggles to better understand their perspective.

3. Evocation

Everyone has the ability to change. The therapist hones in the client’s core values and motivations to help them understand why it is important to alter their behaviors to bring about lasting change.

4. Compassion

The therapist guides the client to focus on their well-being selflessly. This compassion helps people to heal from the underlying issues that may be causing addiction.

The Core Skills Of OARS

So, what is a motivational interviewing session like? At Paramount Recovery Centers, our therapists follow the core skills of OARS, which are:

  • Open questions – Utilizing the open questions method (elicit-provide-elicit), evocative questions help the client discover what they know and how to use that knowledge to bring about real change.
  • Affirmation – By affirming the client’s strengths and previous successes, their confidence is built up so they believe that they can make those necessary changes.
  • Reflections – This is an empathy-based approach where the therapist listens carefully and thoughtfully to what the client is saying and offers suggestions through repetition and rephrasing of questions to better understand what the client is attempting to communicate.
  • Summarizing – Salient points the client has made are reinforced by summarizing the discussion to help both the client and therapist understand them.

4 Fundamental Processes of Motivational Interviewing

The four fundamental processes of motivational interviewing are:

  • Engaging – This is motivational interviewing’s foundation. By really listening to the client’s perspective and working to understand it, the therapist helps them take ownership of their struggle and be motivated to work it out.
  • Evoking – Evoking explores why the client needs to change, and the idea of ambivalence is dealt with.
  • Focusing – A shared purpose is agreed upon, and the conversation is focused on the idea of change.
  • Planning – The subject of how the client is going to change is broached, and a plan is developed. This process is optional.

Explore the Motivational Interviewing Program at Paramount Recovery Centers

Motivational interviewing is a unique approach to the therapist and client relationship. Instead of this hierarchical structure to the therapy, the therapist and client are working together to resolve the addiction problems. This form of therapy has them working as a team. There should be no adversarial relationship aspect to it. At Paramount Recovery Centers, we treat each guest with empathy and compassion. We can be reached online for you to take the first step on your journey to wellness and recovery.